Glossary of Common Baseball Terms & Slang
At-Bat – Counts only when a batter reaches any base via a fielder's choice, hit, or an error. Walks, sacrifices, and when the batter is Hit By a Pitch do not count as an at-bat.
Backstop – The fence behind Homeplate, usually features a baseboard that helps deflect balls thrown past Homeplate.
Base on Balls (BB) – A term for a walk.
Bases Loaded – Base runners occupy all bases. (1st, 2nd, 3rd base)
Battery - The pitcher and the catcher together. Sometimes referred to as the Batterymen.
Batting Average – Total number of hits by an individual divided by their total at-bats.
Bullpen – A separate designated area designed to give pitchers a place to warm up before entering the game.
Can of Corn – A simple fly ball that is easy to catch.
Caught Looking – Occurs when a batter doesn’t swing on strike 3.
Changeup – A slower pitch meant to throw off the batter. This pitch is thrown very similar to the fastball.
Clean-Up Hitter – This is the 4th batter in your lineup. Typically this is your best hitter.
Curveball – A slower pitch that will move slightly as it travels toward the batter.
Double Play – A play where the defending team makes 2 outs in a single hit.
Drop – The difference between the length of a bat and its weight.
Dugout – Designated location for teams to sit on the 1st and 3rd base sides.
Earned Run – A run that scores without a defensive error occurring.
Earned Run Average (ERA) – This is a percentage that represents the total of earned runs a pitcher allows per nine innings.
Fastball – This is the fastest pitch thrown by a pitcher. This pitch has little to no movement.
Fielder’s Choice – Occurs when the fielder has 2 or more choices on where to attempt an out.
Force Out – A baserunner is forced off their base by another baserunner and the fielder successfully tags the next bag before the baserunner can reach the next base.
Frozen Rope – A line-drive that is hit so hard it travels in a straight line with very little arc.
Fungo - A lightweight bat that is easy to hit. This batt is designed for coaches and is not allowed in games.
Gap – The two portions of the outfield where no outfielders are standing.
Hit by Pitch (HBP) – A pitch that hits the batter. The batter gets the opportunity to advance to first.
Intentional Walk – Intentionally walking a hitter, so they don’t get the chance to bat.
In the Hole – The hitter that is currently 2 batters away from their at-bat. This is the person directly after the on-deck batter.
Left on Base (LOB) – This counts as any player that is left on base when all 3 outs have occurred.
Mitt – A baseball glove without spaces for each finger. This is commonly found in first basemen or catcher gloves.
On Deck – The next hitter that follows the current at-bat hitter in the batting lineup.
Pickle – A base runner caught in between bases. The opposing team will attempt to tag the runner out before they can safely reach a base.
Pop-Up – A short hit into the air that generally stays on the infield.
Rally – When a team is gaining momentum in an inning. Occurs when they are able to string together multiple successful hits within the same inning.
RBI - A baseball statistic that records the times a batter has made a play that allows a run to be scored.
Sacrifice - An intentional hit that allows the other baserunners to advance safely. The plater at-bat is usually thrown out at first base on a sacrifice play.
Slow Roller – A lightly hit ground ball.
Tee Ball – An entry-level league that involves players hitting off a stationary tee.
Wood Bats – Wood bats are required for professional players. They are typically made from Ash, Birch, or Maple wood.
Worm Burner - A pitch that is thrown into the dirt before crossing home plate.Looking for new Baseball or Softball gear for the new season? Shop with Headbanger Sports to find the highest quality gear at prices you will love.
- Blog Admin